Diabetes, as severe as it is, brings with it, a whole other dimension of diseases. Diabetes interferes with the body’s ability to use and manage sugar(glucose). This disease is identified by too much sugar in the blood, which spreads damage throughout the body, including the eyes. And, one of them, is the infamous ‘diabetic eye disease’ or Diabetic retinopathy. Here, the damage occurs to the retina due to the adverse affects of uncontrolled diabetes, which may eventually lead to blindness.
What is Diabetic Retinopathy?
When changes occur in the blood vessels of the retina, whether they get damaged, may leak blood, or grow feeble new vessels, it leads to an impaired vision. Regular diabetes eye test is necessary in order to identify the disease at an earlier stage. Diabetic retinopathy leads to chronological damage to the retina, the light-sensitive lining at the back of the eye, and hence, is considered an alarming sight- threatening complication of diabetes.
The earlier the detection of a disease, the earlier it can be cured. And the case with diabetic retinopathy is Glucofort the same, comprising of two stages:
1. Non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NDPR):
Early stage of the disease, where the body may show mild symptoms,or not show any symptoms at all. Another name for macular edema, a condition where the blood vessels in the retina get weakened and start developing leaks. The blood and fluids leak from the retinal blood vessels, and get deposited into the retina, which leads to retinal swelling. This swelling in the central part of the retina, called macula, in turn, results in reduced or blurred vision.
2. Proliferative Retinopathy (PDR):
The advanced form of the disease, where the retina is deprived of oxygen, due to circulation issues. It refers to the alterations that occur when new, abnormal blood vessels start growing in the retina, and the vitreous, the gel-like fluid that fills the back of the eye. Since, these vessels include weaker walls, they end up breaking or bleeding, ultimately clouding the vision.
How common is Diabetic retinopathy?
The frequency of diabetes, is ever-increasing all over the world, as a result, the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy is also expected to increase drastically. It is deemed as a leading cause of the new cases of blindness prevalent amongst the adults. According to the Canadian Diabetes Association, retinopathy affects 23 percent of people with type 1 diabetes, and 14 percent of insulin-dependent people with type 2 diabetes. Lack of awareness, is the key factor that puts people in a grave danger. Where people with type 1 diabetes